Olive Ridley turtles safe nesting at Nagayalanka, Sorlagondi in Krishna district

Important for UPSC & PSC Prelims Exam.

⦿ Every year, Olive Ridley turtles come to the shore for nesting.

⦿ Turtles lay about 120 to 150 eggs.

⦿ Dogs, jackals, eagles and other birds eat away the eggs and kill the hatchlings in the absence of protection

⦿ Protect the endangered Olive Ridley turtles which come under the Schedule-1 of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

⦿ Olive Ridley Turtles are listed as ‘vulnerable’ under International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

 

Three Himalayan medicinal plants enter IUCN Red List

Important for UPSC & PSC Prelims Exam.

 

⦿ Three medicinal plant species found in the Himalayas have made it to IUCN Red List of Threatened Species following a recent assessment

⦿ Meizotropis pellita has been assessed as ‘critically endangered’, Fritilloria cirrhosa as ‘vulnerable’, and Dactylorhiza hatagirea as ‘endangered’.

⦿ Meizotropis pellita, commonly known as Patwa, is a perennial shrub with restricted distribution that is endemic to Uttarakhand.

⦿ The species is listed as ‘critically endangered’ based on its limited area of occupancy (less than 10 sq. km),

⦿ The essential oil extracted from the leaves of the species possesses strong antioxidants.

⦿ Fritillaria cirrhosa (Himalayan fritillary) is In China, the species is used for the treatment of bronchial disorders and pneumonia. The plant is also a strong cough suppressant and source of expectorant drugs in traditional Chinese medicine.

⦿ Dactylorhiza hatagirea (Salampanja),used in Ayurveda, Siddha, Unani and other alternative systems of medicine to cure dysentery, gastritis, chronic fever, cough and stomach aches.

 

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