Recent Indian Constitutional Amendments for upsc exam


Important for IAS~IFoS Prelims Exam 2022, CDS Exam and AC(CAPF) Exam

Recent Indian Constitutional Amendments


100th Constitutional Amendment_2015

Exchange of certain enclave territories with Bangladesh and conferment of citizenship rights to residents of enclaves consequent to signing of Land Boundary Agreement (LBA) Treaty between India and Bangladesh.

Acquiring of certain territories by India and transfer of certain other territories to Bangladesh (through the exchange of enclaves and retention of adverse possessions) in pursuance of the Land Boundary Agreement of 1974 and its protocol of 2011.


101st Constitutional Amendment 2017

Introduced the Goods and Services Tax.

It replaces all indirect taxes levied on goods and services by the Indian Central and state governments. It is aimed at being comprehensive for most goods and services.

102nd Constitutional Amendment_ 2018

Constitutional status to National Commission for Backward Classes

It was introduced by Thawar Chand Gehlot, Minister of Social Justice and Empowerment.

103rd Constitutional Amendment 2019

A maximum of 10% Reservation for Economically Weaker Sections (EWSs) of citizens of classes other than the classes mentioned in clauses (4) and (5) of Article 15, i.e. Classes other than socially and educationally backward classes of citizens or the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes. Inserted Clause [6] under Article 15 as well as Inserted Clause [6] under Article 16.

104th Constitutional Amendment 2020

To extend the reservation of seats for SCs and STs in the Lok Sabha and states assemblies from Seventy years to Eighty years.

Removed the reserved seats for the Anglo-Indian community in the Lok Sabha and state assemblies.

105th Constitutional Amendment 2021

Restores the power of State Governments to identify and specify Socially and Economically Backward Classes (SEBCs).


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