Important National Parks In Assam
Kaziranga National Park, Assam
Known to be one of the last bastions of the Indian One-Horned Rhinoceros, Kaziranga National Park is located in the Indian state of Assam. The protected area was established in 1904 following the efforts of Lady Curzon, the wife of Lord Curzon, the then Viceroy of India under the British Raj. Today’ the park is spread around an area of 430 square kilometers and is also known as a major ‘Tiger Reserve’ in India. When the Lady failed to see a single Rhinoceros upon her visit, she persuaded the Viceroy to facilitate the protection of the forests and the wildlife. The park has also been declared a UNESCO world heritage site.
Kaziranga National Park is located by the banks of the mighty Brahmaputra River and is shared by two districts in Assam. The terrain in the park comprises mainly of sandbanks, riverine lakes, Semi-evergreen forests, moist broad-leaf forests and grasslands. The park is spread in a massive area which makes it one of the largest protected forests in the Sub-Himalayan belt.
As the national park is one of the largest protected areas in India, it houses several rare and endangered species of animals, birds and reptiles. Approximately 35 mammalian species, 479 species of birds and 42 species of reptiles can be found in the park.
Manas National Park, Assam
Established in 1985, Manas National Park is located in the Indian state of Assam and is situated near the Manas River which is one of the major tributaries of the Brahmaputra River and divides the park in two halves. The reserve forests of the Manas National Park contain an Elephant Reserve, Project Tiger Reserve, Biosphere reserve and have also been declared a World Heritage Site under UNESCO. The name ‘Manas’ is derived from the Hindu deity, the snake goddess ‘Manasa’ and is also shared with the river that transverses through the park.
The park was originally spread across 360 sq kilometers upon its establishment in 1985, but after been expanded in the subsequent years it now spreads across 950 sq kilometers and spreads across 5 districts in the state of Assam. The park is placed along the eastern Himalayan foothills and comprises of marshy grasslands and thick monsoon, sub-Himalayan Terai and mountain forests. The park enjoys a favorable climate all year round with heavy rainfall during the
The park is divided into two major biomes, the grasslands and the forests, each with its own unique exhibition of terrain, flora and fauna. The park houses 55 species of animals, 50 species of reptiles, 3 species of amphibians and nearly 380 species of birds.
Dibru Saikhowa National Park
The wetlands in the district of Tinsukia of Assam consist of the Dibru Saikhowa National Park. Spread in an area of about 340 square km this national park is a home to some of the rare creatures. Because of the patches of the wetlands that are dotted all over the park it witnesses over 500 species of birds, both migratory and local. Species like white-winged duck, marsh babbler, white rumped vulture that are close to extinction seek refuge in this park. Animals like wild water buffalo, Hoolock gibbon, tigers and elephants are also easy to spot here. What attract the tourists to explore this National Park are the common sightings of the Gangetic River Dolphins while on a boat safari.
Nameri National Park
Sharing its boundary with Arunachal Pradesh and therefore merging with the Pakhui Wildlife Sanctuary, Nameri National Park is built up on an area of approximately 200 sq km. Situated in the Eastern Himalayan foothills this park is a heaven for the bird watchers. The Park is also an Elephant reserve. Animals like tiger, Himalayan Black Bear, Wild Boar and Indian Giant Squirrel are its common inhabitants. Birds like Ibis bill, Wreathed horn bill, black
stork and Rufous necked hornbill find home here. The National Park also houses the orchids that make it rich in its flora as well.
Orang National Park, Assam
Orang National Park is spread across 78.81 sq km of land and has an interesting historical tale of how it was formed. What began as a land abandoned by the tribes due to the spread of an epidemic has now transformed into a place that even provides shelter to the rare one-horned rhinoceros and the critically endangered Pygmy Hog. The national park is surrounded by the Brahmaputra River on the north. Many (believed to be) man-made water bodies can be found inside the park which are thought of as remains of the old tribe that left ages ago. Nevertheless, the park now boasts of a beautiful landscape that attracts tourists from all over. Interestingly, the landscape of this Assamese national park is so similar to the Kaziranga National Park that Orang is often called ‘Mini Kaziranga’.