Sambhav and Svavlamban
Important for IAS~IFoS Prelims Exam 2022, CDS Exam and AC(CAPF) Exam
🖊 Union Minister of State for MSME inaugurated International Summit on Plastics Recycling & Waste Management today being organized by Ministry of MSME in association with The All-India Plastics Manufacturers’ Association (AIPMA).
🖊 Ministry of MSME also launched two special initiatives – ‘Sambhav’ and ‘Svavlamban’ to promote entrepreneurship amongst youth, especially in aspirational Districts all across the country.
🖊 The Mega International Summit emphasizes on “Know your Waste and how Recycling is the right thing to do, which is to be done in a right way.
🖊 The summit will be attended by more than 350 MSME’s physically and more than 1000 MSMEs virtually from all over the country. Besides, international delegates from different countries will be attending the mega summit virtually.
🖊 This motto of the summit is “Know your Waste and how Recycling is the right thing to do, which is to be done in a right way”. Around 1350 MSMEs are expected to attend the summit, which is being conducted in hybrid mode.
🖊 This summit provides a platform for entrepreneurs, experts, businessmen, and other stakeholders to deliberate challenges and solutions in the MSME sector and plastics sectors.
🖊 the ‘Sambhav’ and ‘Svavlamban’ initiatives and the summit will have multiple benefits i.e. formalizing the informal waste sector, job creation in the MSME sector, and reduction in plastic waste.
🖊 Plastic recycling refers to the process of recovering waste or scrap plastic and reprocessing the materials into functional and useful products.
🖊 Every year, more than 420 million tons of plastics are manufactured across the globe.
🖊 Six common types of plastics are:-
✍ PS (Polystyrene) – Example: foam hot drink cups, plastic cutlery, containers, and yogurt.
✍ PP (Polypropylene) – Example: lunch boxes, take-out food containers, ice cream containers.
✍ LDPE (Low-density polyethylene) – Example: garbage bins and bags.
✍ PVC (Plasticised Polyvinyl chloride or polyvinyl chloride)—Example: cordial, juice or squeeze bottles.
✍ HDPE (High-density polyethylene) – Example: shampoo containers or milk bottles.
✍ PET (Polyethylene terephthalate) – Example: fruit juice and soft drink bottles.
🖊 Currently, only PET, HDPE, and PVC plastic products are recycled under curbside recycling programs
🖊 The majority of plastic waste is made of thermosoftening polymers, which can be re-melted and reformed into new items in a practice known as mechanical recycling.
🖊 Plastics are reprocessed at anywhere between 150–320 °C (300–610 °F), depending on the polymer type, and this is sufficient to cause unwanted chemical reactions which result in polymer degradation.
🖊 In closed-loop, or primary, recycling used plastic is endlessly recycled back into new items of the same quality and sort.
🖊 In open-loop recycling, also known as secondary recycling, or downcycling, the quality of the plastic is reduced each time it is recycled, so that the material is not recycled indefinitely and eventually becomes waste.