genetic engineering appraisal committee upsc exam

Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee

🖊 The Genetic Engineering Appraisal Committee (GEAC) functions in the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEF&CC).

🖊 As per Rules, 1989, it is responsible for appraisal of activities involving large scale use of hazardous microorganisms and recombinants in research and industrial production from the environmental angle

🖊  The committee is also responsible for appraisal of proposals relating to release of genetically engineered (GE) organisms and products into the environment including experimental field trials.

🖊 GEAC is chaired by the Special Secretary/Additional Secretary of MoEF&CC and co-chaired by a representative from the Department of Biotechnology (DBT).

🖊Presently, it has 24 members and meets every month to review the applications in the areas indicated above.

🖊 The body regulates the use, manufacture, storage, import and export of hazardous microorganisms or genetically-engineered organisms and cells in India.

🖊 The GEAC is the apex biotech regulatory body in India.

🖊It is a statutory body.

🖊 The approval of the GEAC is mandatory before genetically modified organisms and products derived from them can be used commercially.

What is Genetically modified crops ?

🖊 Genetically modified crops are plants used in agriculture.

🖊 The Plant DNA has been modified using genetic engineering methods. 

🖊 Plant genomes can be engineered by physical methods or by use of Agrobacterium for the delivery of sequences hosted in T-DNA binary vectors.

🖊 The Objective of Genetically modified crops is to introduce a new trait to the plant which does not occur naturally in the species.

🖊 GM Crops show resistance to certain pests, diseases, environmental conditions, reduction of spoilage, resistance to chemical treatments (e.g. resistance to a herbicide), or improving the nutrient profile of the crop.



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