Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs) ias preparation

Important for IAS~IFoS Prelims Exam 2022, CDS Exam and AC(CAPF) Exam

Fuel Cell Electric Vehicles (FCEVs)

🖊 Fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs) are powered by hydrogen. 

🖊 They are more efficient than conventional internal combustion engine vehicles and produce no tailpipe emissions—they only emit water vapor and warm air.

🖊 FCEVs and the hydrogen infrastructure to fuel them are in the early stages of implementation.

🖊 The U.S. Department of Energy leads research efforts to make hydrogen-powered vehicles an affordable, environmentally friendly, and safe transportation option.

🖊 FCEVs use a propulsion system similar to that of electric vehicles, where energy stored as hydrogen is converted to electricity by the fuel cell.

🖊 FCEVs are fueled with pure hydrogen gas stored in a tank on the vehicle. Similar to conventional internal combustion engine vehicles, they can fuel in less than 4 minutes and have a driving range over 300 miles

🖊 On 16th March, Union Ministry for Road Transport and Highways, Nitin Gadkari inaugurated a pilot project for Hydrogen-based advanced Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV)

🖊 In India this project initiated by Toyota Kirloskar Motor Pvt. Ltd.

🖊 The project involves studying and evaluating the world’s most advanced Fuel Cell Electric Vehicle (FCEV) called “Toyota Mirai” on Indian roads and climatic conditions.

🖊 Green hydrogen is the hydrogen produced using renewable energy through electrolysis. Green hydrogen helps to decarbonize various sectors such as road transportation.

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FAME India

🖊 FAME India is a part of the National Electric Mobility Mission Plan. Main thrust of FAME is to encourage electric vehicles by providing subsidies.

🖊 Two phases of the scheme:
✍ Phase I: started in 2015 and was completed on 31st March, 2019
✍ Phase II: started from April, 2019, will be completed by 31st March, 2022

🖊 Department of Heavy Industries, the Ministry of Heavy Industries and Public Enterprises is a Monitoring Authority

🖊  FAME Scheme Objectives are:-

✍ Encourage faster adoption of electric and hybrid vehicles by way of offering upfront

✍Incentive on purchase of Electric vehicles.
✍ Establish a necessary charging Infrastructure for electric vehicles.
✍ To address the issue of environmental pollution and fuel security.



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